Russia is one of the largest countries in the world which shares its borders with fourteen countries. Russian is one of the official languages in the United Nations. The country covers 8 time zones and includes 12 seas which surrounds the nation. The population in the country is 145.5 million, the most inhabited country of Europe. The country has a vast supply of mineral resources, and it depends highly on mining. Russia is one of the few countries that come in the category of transcontinental country. It extends to a larger part of Eurasia. The country has honour of being the largest country when it comes to land area. The Russian federation was formed in the year 1991 with the first constitution written in the year 1993. The nationality of the people of Russia is Russian and they originate from more than hundred ethnic groups. The population of the country was recorded at 142.9 million in the year 2011. The growth rate of the population is on the negative side due to many factors. A large number of students have come to pursue Medicine education in Russia. The ethnic groups of Russia comprise of nearly 80% of Russians. Tartar, Ukrainian and Bashkir ethnic groups constitute for more than 7% of the population. People in Russia follow a number of religions which include Russian orthodox, Islam, Roman Catholic and Buddhists. However a major section of population follows the Russian orthodox religion. The official language of Russia is Russian but the people also speak English and more than 100 types of other dialects.
The climate of Russia comprises of monotony and the diversity type. The country faces extreme cold during the winter season. Some of the coldest places in the world are located in Russia. There are several factors that determine the climate of Russia one of which includes the large size of the country. Russia is amidst the few countries in the world that face extreme climate conditions. Russia stretches in the north of Eurasia which is also known as the super continent.
The Russian dynasty was founded by Viking Rurik in 862. The Mongols invaded the country in 1237. Most of the major cities were destroyed by the Mongols. In 1861, serfdom was abolished from Russia. In 1980s, the country began to experience supply shortages. Imported goods began to flood into the country. Putin’s rise to power is a significant event in Russian history. Putin brought about political stability in the country.
Russia spans over an area of 10,672,000 miles. The country covers all climatic zones except the tropical region. The Russian territory is comprised of vast plains. In the eastern regions, mountain ranges are located. The country is a large source of mineral resources. Most of the Russian territory lies in the temperate belt. The main river of the country is Volga which flows to the Caspian Sea. The mid Russian regions are known for the mixed forests.
The GDP of Russia is approximately 1.47 trillion $ which makes it as one of the most developed countries in the world. The growth rate of the country is quite high at 4%. Natural resources like petroleum and natural gas constitute for a major portion in the GDP. Russia exported nearly $376 billion of petroleum products in the year 2010 which makes it one of the top most countries in the world in terms of export. The industries constitute of automobile, manufacturing, petroleum, gas and energy. The major importers of Russia are China, Japan and USA. Medicine education in Russia has also contributed to the country’s GDP since many foreign students come to pursue higher education.